You’ve found the house. The one. It’s perfect. You’ve sorted out the mortgage side of things – you know you can comfortably afford it. But in your excitement, have you considered all the hidden costs of buying a house? Because they can add up to more than you might have thought – it’s best to be prepared.
Whether you’re a first timer or you’re buying again and need a reminder, this guide includes some of the common fees you might encounter.
Here are the things you’ll almost certainly need to budget for. But, of course, life has its surprises and you could end up spending on even more.
A mortgage arrangement fee (sometimes referred to as a mortgage completion fee) essentially covers the admin costs of setting up the mortgage. The total cost of these fees can vary depending on your lender and the amount borrowed, but the average is usually around £2,000 (Source: Moneyadviceservice.org.uk).
Often this is an upfront charge but some lenders allow you to add it to your mortgage. Just be aware that doing so may increase the amount you borrow and repay each month, and you may also end up paying interest on it.
When you take out a mortgage you may have to pay a booking fee which can range from £99–£1,500 (Source: moneyadviceservice.org.uk). You may pay more or less though, as fees can vary considerably from lender to lender, so make sure you factor this in when choosing a mortgage. In addition, it’s worth noting that booking fees can be non-refundable, even if your mortgage falls through.
If you’re borrowing a large proportion of the property’s value (generally more than 90%), you may have to pay for mortgage indemnity insurance too (also known as Higher Lending Charge). This will reimburse the lender in the event that you can’t keep up repayments and the lender has to sell your property, potentially at a loss.
Mortgage lenders need to be sure of a property’s value before they agree to help cover the cost of it. To work that out, they need to do a valuation and will expect you to front the cost, which is usually in the region of £200–£400 (Source: Moneyadviceservice.org.uk).
It might seem absurd, but remember that in some situations, you can end up paying more or less for a property than its actual value. The housing market, the seller’s desire to move, and your urgency to buy all have the potential to increase (and sometimes decrease) the amount you pay.
A survey is a check of the house that assesses whether there are any issues with it. You can opt for a basic homebuyer’s report, which just looks at the overall condition of the house, or the more expensive building survey (also known as a structural survey), which will assess how sound the house is in terms of elements such as walls and foundations.
How much does a house survey cost? The charge depends on the type of report you choose, as well as the size of the property.
Unless you opt for DIY conveyancing you’ll need to pay a solicitor, or hire a conveyancer, to deal with the reams of paperwork that are necessary. These legal fees (sometimes referred to as conveyancing fees) cover a number of important steps throughout your entire mortgage process:
You can expect to pay between £500 and £1,500 (Source: which.co.uk) for your legal fees, and tends to be proportionate to your property value or the complexity of the case.
There are two types of ‘deposit’ involved when buying a house, a mortgage deposit related to LTV (loan to value) and an exchange deposit (sometimes called a contract deposit).
A mortgage deposit is the amount of savings you have to put towards a house. As a rule of thumb your mortgage deposit should make up at least 5% of the price of the house you’re looking to buy, meaning that your mortgage will fund the remaining 95% of the house (95% LTV).
An exchange deposit is usually a proportion of the purchase price that you pay to the seller when contracts are exchanged. This secures the property and your solicitor will usually ask you for this. If you pull out of the purchase after this stage you will probably lose this deposit.
What is Stamp Duty’, you ask? It is a tax you pay to the government when you purchase property.
If you’re a first time buyer, buying a property up to £425,000 in England or Northern Ireland, you’ll pay no stamp duty. If you’re buying a property over £425,000 to £625,000, you’ll pay 5% on the amount over £425,000. This means you’re only charged on the portion of the price that falls into that band. If you are buying a property for over £625,000, then you’ll pay the same Stamp Duty rates as an existing homeowner.
|Property Value||UK Stamp Duty rate on your first property|
|Up to £425,000||0%|
|From £425,000.01 to £625,000||5%|
|From £625,001+||Existing homeowner Stamp Duty rates would apply.|
|Property Value||Land Transaction Tax rates on your first property|
|Up to £180,000||0%|
|From £180,000.01 to £250,000||3.5%|
Remember you’re only charged on the portion of the price that falls into that band.
In Scotland, Stamp Duty is called Land and Buildings Transaction Tax and its principal is the same – however the price brackets are different:
|Property Value||Scottish Land and Buildings Transaction Tax rate|
|Up to £145,000||0%|
|From £145,001 to £250,000||2%|
|From £250,001 to £325,000||5%|
|From £325,001 to £750,000||10%|
If you find working out how much you need to pay too much of a headache, go to your local government website where you’ll find a Stamp Duty calculator that does it all for you.
Unless you own a large van or truck or have no furniture, you’ll probably have to spend money on moving your belongings in to your new home. Your main options are:
In short, buying a home costs at least a few thousand pounds on top of the actual price of the house itself. So it’s here that your saving, research, planning and budgeting really pays off.
The material contained in this document is for information purposes only and does not constitute advice.
You should obtain relevant legal or other advice if you are unsure about the effect on you of any matter in this document.
Think carefully before securing other debts against your home. Your home may be repossessed if you do not keep up repayments on your mortgage.
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